Requirements and Policies

Federal requirements
WSDOT has a requirement through FHWA to develop a transportation asset management plan and through FTA to develop a transit asset management plan. Through these plans, WSDOT will meet six different federal requirements. These requirements are put in place by the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR Part 515), Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP-21) Act, Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, The National Highway Performance Program (NHPP), National Goals and Performance Management Measures, and Federal Transit Administration (FTA).

CFR Part 515

The purpose of CFR Part 515 is to establish the processes that a State transportation department (State DOT) must use to develop its asset management plan, as required under (23 USC § 119), establish minimum requirements, describe the penalties for a State DOT’s failure to develop and implement an asset management plan, and set forth minimum standards for a State DOT to use in developing and operating highway, bridge, and pavement management systems. 

MAP-21

In 2012, MAP-21 (P.L. 112-141) (pdf 1.55 mb) funded surface transportation programs and created a streamlined, performance-based, and multimodal program. The Transportation Asset Management Plan regulation is intended to address three requirements established by MAP-21:

  1. Requires States to develop and implement risk-based asset management plans for the performance of the National Highway System (NHS);
  2. Requires Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to establish minimum standards for States to use in developing and operating bridge and pavement management systems; and
  3. Mandates periodic evaluations to determine if reasonable alternatives exist to roads, highways, or bridges that repeatedly require repair and reconstruction activities.

FAST Act

The FAST Act (P.L. 114-94) (pdf 1.32 mb) was built on changes made by MAP-21 and provides long-term funding for surface transportation. Overall, the FAST Act largely maintains MAP-21 program structures and funding shares between highways and transit. The law also made changes and reforms to many federal transportation programs, including streamlining the approval processes for new transportation projects, providing new safety tools, and establishing new programs to advance critical freight projects.

NHPP

The purpose of the NHPP (23 USC § 119) is to provide support for the condition and performance of the National Highway System (NHS); to provide support for the construction of new facilities on the NHS; and to ensure that investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in an asset management plan of a State for the NHS.

National Goals and Performance Management Measures

Performance management (23 USC §150(b)) will transform the Federal- aid highway program and provide a means to the most efficient investment of federal transportation funds by refocusing on national transportation goals, increasing the accountability and transparency of the federal-aid highway program, and improving project decision making through performance-based planning and programming.

FTA

The FTA (49 CFR 625, Transit Asset Management) requires all recipients and sub-recipients of federal financial assistance to establish a National Transit Asset Management (TAM) System to monitor and manage public transportation capital assets to enhance safety, reduce maintenance costs, increase reliability, and improve performance.Through 49 CFR 630, National Transit Database, requirements and procedures are prescribed for compliance with the National Transit Database Reporting System and Uniform System of Accounts, and establishes procedures for addressing the failure to comply with these requirements.

State policy
The STAMP supports the Washington State Transportation System Policy Goals listed in the Revised Code of Washington (RCW) 47.04.280, which guide the STAMP’s support for the planning, operation, performance of, and investment in, the state’s transportation system and supports economic vitality, preservation, safety, mobility, the environment, and stewardship. 
Transportation system policy goals direct public investments in transportation and aim to:

  • Maintain, preserve, and extend the life and utility of prior investments in transportation systems and services;
  • Provide for and improve the safety and security of transportation customers and the transportation system;
  • Improve the predictable movement of goods and people throughout Washington State, including congestion relief and improved freight mobility; and
  • Provide transportation investments that promote energy conservation, enhance healthy communities, and protect the environment.